Pär Byström

Benthic and pelagic production in coastal ecosystems of the northern Baltic Sea

Coastal Benthic Algae

Coastal Benthic Algae

Benthic and pelagic production in coastal ecosystems of the northern Baltic Sea

Project Summary

The northern basins of the Baltic Sea are relatively shallow systems, implying that coastal processes can be of great significance to this area. It is likely that benthic primary production is an important part of the basal production in coastal ecosystems, because of high nutrient concentrations in the sediments and available sunlight. Coastal habitats are also important recruitment areas for most fish species. However, colored organic matter, which is transported into the marine system via rivers, can potentially shift the basal production from benthic and autotrophic to pelagic and heterotrophic. Thus, colored organic matter is likely a key factor influencing the ecosystem function in the northern Baltic Sea. In this project we are studying benthic and pelagic primary production and bacterial production in northern Baltic Sea coastal zones with varying input of colored organic matter. Furthermore, we are aiming at quantifying the importance of the different production modes to the production of higher trophic levels, e.g. fish. The project is part of the strategic research program ECOCHANGE.

Project Dates: 2014 - 2020

Funding Organization

EcoChange

Collaborators

Agneta Andersson, Umeå University
Pär Byström, Umeå University

Climate change induced regime shifts in Northern lake ecosystems

Sunset over lake Törnetrask (as seen from the Abisko Scientific Research Station)

Sunset over lake Törnetrask (as seen from the Abisko Scientific Research Station)

Climate change induced regime shifts in Northern lake ecosystems

Project Summary

A present major scientific challenge is to understand and predict effects of climate change on lake ecosystems and the services they deliver. Globally, lakes are concentrated at northern latitudes where the magnitude of climate change is expected to be strongest. Recent advances in lake research suggest that responses of Northern lakes to global warming are fundamentally different from the expectations based on conventional knowledge. This project brings together new tools and concepts in biogeochemistry and ecology, with the aims of understanding and predicting the effects of climate change on the delivery of two major ecosystem services, fish production and the net greenhouse gas balance of Northern lakes.

Specific objectives include:

  1. Assessment of long vs. short term effects of climate change;

  2. Assessment of nonlinear dynamics and regime shifts; and,

  3. Projection of responses to future climate conditions.

The project’s core is made up of a multi-scale (pond to whole-lake) experimental test of ecosystem responses to increases in temperature and precipitation/runoff. Further, we will use aDNA techniques to address past regime shifts and ecosystem resilience to climate change from paleolimnological sediment records. Finally, the project will develop process-based models to be used in the projection of future conditions in lakes at the whole ecosystem scale.

Project Dates: 2017-2021

Funding Organizations

Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation

Collaborators

David Bastviken, Linköping University
Ann-Kristin Bergström, Umeå University
Christian Bigler, Umeå University
Richard Bindler, Umeå University
Åke Brännström, Umeå University
Pär Byström, Umeå University
Sebastian Diehl, Umeå University
Isabelle Domaizon, French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Göran Englund, Umeå University
Cristian Gudasz, Umeå University
Dag Hessen, Oslo University, Norway
Jonatan Klaminder, Umeå University
Sally MacIntyre, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
Frank Peeters, University of Konstanz, Germany
André de Roos, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Martin Rosvall, Umeå University
David Seekell, Umeå University
Ryan Sponseller, Umeå University
Xiau-Ru Wang, Umeå University
Marcus Klaus, Umeå University

Monitoring and management of Arctic lakes in a changing climate

Jan Karlson monitoring Arctic lakes

Monitoring and management of Arctic lakes in a changing climate

Project Summary

There is a lack of scientific based monitoring and management strategies of Arctic lakes where climate change effects are expected to be especially pronounced. The purpose of this study is to improve knowledge and monitoring of climate impacts on Arctic lakes. Specific aims include to quantify and provide threshold variables for climate change induced regime shifts in fish resource use and production, and to develop tools and guidelines to be used in monitoring programs. By experimental and comparative studies across climate gradients we test predictions of rapid changes in fish production and resource use with climate change, and by developing new analytical and statistical tools we test predictions that changes in lake function following climate change could be rapidly detected using automatized and cost efficient methods suitable for use in monitoring. Based on the results we will develop methods and guidelines together with stakeholders for use in monitoring of Arctic lake ecosystems. The outcome of the project will be of fundamental importance for society as this will provide knowledge and tools for sustainable management of a unique and attractable resource sensitive to environmental perturbations. The project is financed by FORMAS and carried out in collaboration with the county boards in Northern Sweden.

Project Dates: 2016 to 2018

Funding Organization

FORMAS (2015-723)

Collaborators

Jan Karlsson, Umeå University
Jens Andersson, Jämtland County Administrative Board
Ann-Kirstin Bergström, Umeå University
Pär Byström, Umeå University
Sally MacIntyre, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
David Seekell, Umeå University